Creating your First Item

Items are crucial to Minecraft, and almost any mod will make use of them. This tutorial will go through the basic steps for creating an item.

Registering the Item

The first thing we need to do is register the item so that the game knows to add it in. Registries are an integral part to Minecraft (and modding it). Blocks, entities, items, sounds, particles… all those different aspects are using a registry.

First, we need to declare an instance of net.minecraft.item.Item with the parameters for our item.

In theory, we could do this directly in the registration line but having a separate variable allows us to reference it elsewhere for other purposes.

public static final Item EXAMPLE_ITEM = new Item(new QuiltItemSettings());

Here, the public static final ensures that we can access the item elsewhere but can’t reassign the variable itself, making sure that we don’t accidentally alter it somewhere else.

Our new instance of Item takes in an instance of QuiltItemSettings as an argument. This is where we declare all the settings for our item. There are a variety of settings, such as durability and stack size, but in this case we can just use the default settings.

Now that we’ve declared the item, we need to tell the game registry to put it into the game. We do so by putting this into the mod’s ModInitializer (Read more about mod initializers here) in the onInitialize method:

Registry.register(Registries.ITEM, new Identifier(mod.metadata().id(), "example_item"), EXAMPLE_ITEM);

Registry.register() takes three parameters:

  • The Registry we want to add to. For items this is always Registries.ITEM.
  • The Identifier used for the item. This must be unique. The first part is the namespace (which should be the mod id) and the item name itself. Only lowercase letters, numbers, underscores, dashes, periods, and slashes are allowed. To convert the item’s name into this format, write everything in lowercase and separate words using underscores.
  • The Item to register. Here, we pass in the item we declared earlier.

Having done all of this, if we run the game we can see that we can give the item using the give command: /give @s simple_item_mod:example_item! But it doesn’t appear in the creative menu, nor does it have a texture, and its name isn’t translated properly. How do we fix this?

Adding the Item to a Group

ItemGroups represent the tabs in the creative menu. Because of a change in 1.19.3, you can’t add items to item groups using only Quilt Standard Libraries (From now on QSL). However, Fabric API has an API for it. Thanks to Quilted Fabric API, which the template mod includes and users download with QSL, we can use it on Quilt, too:

ItemGroupEvents.modifyEntriesEvent(ItemGroups.INGREDIENTS).register(entries -> {

Here we are using the ItemGroupEvents API. We get the event for modifying the INGREDIENTS item group and register a new listener. Events have two main use cases. On the one side you can use them to do things when something happens, for example when block gets broken or even simply at each tick. On the other side they can be used for modifying things like item groups, where ordering is important. In this case, however, we are doing nothing complicated and simply adding the item to the end of the ingredients item group. This will also add them to the creative menu search.


First we need to declare the model for the item. This tells the game how to render the item.


	"parent": "item/generated",
	"textures": {
		"layer0": "simple_item_mod:item/example_item"

For most items, all you need to do here is replace simple_item_mod with your mod ID and example_item with the item name you set earlier. Be sure to replace them in both the file/folder names and the JSON file. The texture file, as shown in the model, should match the path specified in the Identifier, so in our case assets/simple_item_mod/textures/item/example_item.png

Language Translation

Finally, we need to add a translation. Put this in assets/simple_item_mod/lang/en_us.json, replacing the mod id and item name as before:

	"item.simple_item_mod.example_item": "Example Item"

Replace the mod id and item name as before.

And that’s it! Your item should be fully working.

What’s next?

This tutorial only covers the most basic of items. Check the other item tutorials for more advanced items or try Adding a simple block.

If you want your item to have a recipe, generate one from destruc7i0n’s crafting recipe generator (you can add your mod’s items using the “Add Item” button above the ingredient list) and then put it in a JSON file under resources/data/simple_item_mod/recipes/ (replacing simple_item_mod with your mod id). Further details on item recipes can be found on the dedicated recipe page.